The Military uniform Museum of the Russian Military Historical Society presented an updated exhibition of the hall "Nicholas I. Sevastopol". The reason for the update will be the 165th anniversary of the signing of the Peace of Paris, which put an end to the fighting between Russia, Turkey and European countries during the Crimean (Eastern) War of 1853-1856.
The collector Gennady Gusev provided rare exhibits from his private collection - witnesses of events and direct participants in military operations, personifying the memory of the heroic episodes of the Crimean War.
The key moment in the European theater of operations was the 349-day defense of Sevastopol, which once again demonstrated to our opponents the unparalleled courage and bravery of Russian soldiers. Some of the items presented for display are decorated with the numbers 349-the number of days of defense. For example, the badge, known as the "cross of iron and blood", established for participants in the defense of Sevastopol in 1890. It is made of cast-iron fragments of English cannonballs found on the bastions, lunettes and redoubts of Sevastopol. On the front side of the cross is a golden olive wreath, entwining the central circle of red guilloche enamel, with the numbers 349. It is believed that the private workshops that carried out the order produced only about 400 such tokens. Subsequently, the image of the badge was placed on the badges of several regiments of the Russian army that took part in the Battles of Sevastopol. These regimental badges can also be seen at the exhibition.
Among the exhibits is the headpiece (coat of arms) on the helmet of the lower rank of the 26th Bialystok Infantry Regiment. This nalobnik has its own, special history. After the battle on the Alma River, the British captured a retreating Russian wagon train, which carried the helmets of the entire Bialystok regiment, removed by the soldiers after the battle. At the end of the war ,the "captured" Russian helmets were sent to England as a trophy. Including the helmet, the headpiece of which took its place in the exhibition.
The exhibition displays more than 50 exhibits: awards of the participants of the events, collective regimental awards-badges for headdresses, commemorative medals, award pectoral cross for the regimental priests who took part in the defense of Sevastopol. Elements of the military uniform are represented by cockades, shako headbands, militia badges, as well as rare uniform buttons of the military and naval ministries.